Denarius (Coin) Depicting the Goddess Roma

A work made of silver.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of silver.

Date:

136 BC

Artist:

Roman; minted in Rome

About this artwork

Portraits of important people appear on local currency all around the world. The same was true in ancient Rome, which began producing its first coinage in the late 4th century BC. Early coins depicted the heads of gods and goddesses on the front side, often in profile, while the back depicted animals, natural resources, symbols, and references to historical events. It was not until 44 BC that the portrait of a living person—Julius Caesar—appeared on coins. Thereafter, profile portraits of rulers or other members of the imperial family became the standard subject on coins throughout the Roman Empire.

Inscriptions on coins help identify the ruler. While the front side depicted the sovereign’s portrait, the back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or aspirations. Until Late Antiquity, portraits usually appeared in profile. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, with one for the front and another for the back. The coins were then struck, one by one, in a process similar to how coins are created today.

The denarius, introduced in 211 BC, was the principal silver coin of Rome for five hundred years. The profile
head of the goddess Roma—the personification of Rome—was the most popular image depicted on silver denarii in the second and first centuries BC.

On View

Ancient and Byzantine Art, Gallery 153

Artist

Ancient Roman

Title

Denarius (Coin) Depicting the Goddess Roma

Origin

Italy

Date

136 BC

Medium

Silver

Dimensions

Diam. 1.8 cm; 3.84 g

Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. William Nelson Pelouze

Reference Number

1923.1256

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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