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I Need Yellow

A work made of color lithograph from one stone on white wove paper.
© 2018 Helen Frankenthaler / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

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  • A work made of color lithograph from one stone on white wove paper.




Helen Frankenthaler (American, 1928-2011)
printed by Bill Goldston and John A. Lund
published by Universal Limited Art Editions (American, founded 1955)

About this artwork

The ULAE archive in the collection of the Art Institute reveal the many complex decisions and revisions a print undergoes before completion. For I Need Yellow and its related project Card, Frankenthaler produced nearly 60 sheets of trial and working proofs.

The artist gleaned the initial visual vocabulary for what would later become I Need Yellow from several stones she had created in 1971. She selected various drawn elements and transferred them to fresh stones, which allowed her to refine the images and experiment with color and placement.

The proofs illustrate just a few of the infinite possibilities the three stones allow. The choice of paper and ink colors, the arrangement of the visual elements, and even the order in which the stones are printed all contribute to the final product. In this case, the result is a stele of yellow grounded by green vines and accented with an orange flame.


Currently Off View


Prints and Drawings


Helen Frankenthaler


I Need Yellow


United States




Color lithograph from one stone on white wove paper


432 × 290 mm (image/stone); 753 × 526 mm (sheet)

Credit Line

U.L.A.E. Collection acquired through a challenge grant of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Dittmer; purchased with funds provided by supporters of the Department of Prints and Drawings; Centennial Endowment; Margaret Fisher Endowment Fund

Reference Number



© 2018 Helen Frankenthaler / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.


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