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Wendell C. Bennett, Ancient Arts of the Andes, exh. cat. (Museum of Modern Art, 1954), p. 23, fig. 17.
Alan R. Sawyer, Animal Sculpture in Pre-Columbian Art, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1957), pp. 2-3 (ill.).
Richard Townsend with Elizabeth Pope. 2016. Indian Art of the Americas at the Art Institute of Chicago. Art Institute of Chicago and Yale University Press, pp. 352-353, cat. 322 (ill.).
Museum of Modern Art, New York, Ancient Arts of the Andes, Jan. 25-March 21, 1954; travelled to Minneapolis Institute of Arts and the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, cat.
Art Institute of Chicago, Animal Sculpture in Pre-Columbian Art, Oct. 12, 1957–Feb. 2, 1958, cat. pp. 2-3 (ill.).
Eduard Gaffron (1861–1931), Lima, Peru, from 1892 to 1912, then Berlin, from [History of the Department report (Joanne Behrens, 1985) and correspondence in curatorial file]; by descent to his children Mercedes Gaffron, Berlin then Durham S.C. and Hans Gaffron (1902–1979), Berlin then Chicago [correspondence and documentation of the Gaffron Collection in curatorial file]; sold to the Art Institute, 1955.
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