Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Elizabeth Benson, ed., Retratos: 2000 Years of Latin American Portraits, exh. cat. (San Antonio Museum of Art, 2004), p. 67 (ill.).
San Antonio Museum of Art, Retratos: 2,000 years of Latin American Portraits, Feb. 4-Apr. 30, 2006, cat. pg. 67; traveled to New York, El Museo del Barrio, Dec. 2, 2004-Mar. 20, 2005, San Diego Museum of Art, Apr. 16-July 12, 2005, Miami Beach, Fla., Bass Museum of Art, July 23-Oct. 2, 2005, Washington D.C., National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Insitution, Oct. 21, 2005-Jan. 8, 2006.
Eduard Gaffron (1861–1931), Lima, Peru, from 1892 to 1912, then Berlin, from 1912 [History of the Department report (Joanne Behrens, 1985) and correspondence in curatorial file]; by descent to his children Mercedes Gaffron (1908–1993), Berlin then Durham, NC, and Hans Gaffron (1902–1979), Berlin then Chicago [correspondence and documentation of the Gaffron Collection in curatorial file]; sold to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1955.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.