Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
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Heinrich U. Doering, “Portrats der Vorzeit,” Atlantis (October 1936), pp. 598-607 (ill.).
Christopher B. Donnan, “Moche Ceramic Portraits,” in Studies in the History of Art, vol. 63, Symposium Papers XL: Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru, 2001 (National Gallery of Art, 2002), 130, fig. 4 (ill.)
Elizabeth Benson, ed., Retratos: 2000 Years of Latin American Portraits, exh. cat. (San Antonio Museum of Art, 2004), p. 66 (ill.).
Richard Townsend with Elizabeth Pope, Indian Art of the Americas at the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago with Yale University Press, 2016), 320-321, cat. 283 (ill.).
San Antonio Museum of Art, Retratos: 2,000 years of Latin American Portraits, Feb. 4-Apr. 30, 2006, cat. pg. 66; traveled to New York, El Museo del Barrio, Dec. 2, 2004-Mar. 20, 2005, San Diego Museum of Art, Apr. 16-July 12, 2005, Miami Beach, Fla., Bass Museum of Art, July 23-Oct. 2, 2005, Washington D.C., National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Insitution, Oct. 21, 2005-Jan. 8, 2006.
Eduard Gaffron (1861–1931), Lima, Peru, from 1892 to 1912, then Berlin, from 1912 [History of the Department report (Joanne Behrens, 1985) and correspondence in curatorial file]; by descent to his children Mercedes Gaffron (1908–1993), Berlin then Durham, NC, and Hans Gaffron (1902–1979), Berlin then Chicago [correspondence and documentation of the Gaffron Collection in curatorial file]; sold to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1955.
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