Vessel in the Form of a Royal Messenger with Ritual Runners
Peruvian North Coast (Object made in)
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Allen Wardwell, Primitive Art in the Collections of the Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago, 1965), fig. 16 (ill.).
Richard F. Townsend, ed., The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago/Prestel Verlag, 1992), pp. 313, 379 (ill.).
Richard Townsend with Elizabeth Pope, Indian Art of the Americas at the Art Institute of
Chicago (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago and Yale University Press, 2016), 313, cat. 264.
Art Institute of Chicago, The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes, October 10, 1992–January 3, 1993, cat. 173, pp. 313, 379; traveled to Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, February 4–April 18, 1993, and Los Angeles County Museum of Art, June 6–August 15, 1993.
Eduard Gaffron (1861–1931), Lima, Peru, from 1892 to 1912, then Berlin, from 1912 [History of the Department report (Joanne Behrens, 1985) and correspondence in curatorial file]; by descent to his children Mercedes Gaffron (1908–1993), Berlin then Durham, NC, and Hans Gaffron (1902–1979), Berlin then Chicago [correspondence and documentation of the Gaffron Collection in curatorial file]; sold to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1955.
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