IIIF Manifest The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Wendell C. Bennett, Ancient Arts of the Andes, exh. cat. (Museum of Modern Art, 1954), 41, Fig. 42.
Allen Wardwell, Primitive Art in the Collections of the Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago, 1965), fig. 20 (ill.).
Richard F. Townsend, ed., The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago/Prestel Verlag, 1992), pp. 307, 379 (drawing ill.).
Richard Townsend with Elizabeth Pope. 2016. Indian Art of the Americas at the Art Institute of Chicago. Art Institute of Chicago and Yale University Press, p. 315, cat. 268.
Museum of Modern Art, New York, Ancient Arts of the Andes, Jan. 25-March 21, 1954; travelled to Minneapolis Institute of Arts and the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, cat.
Art Institute of Chicago, The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes, October 10, 1992–January 3, 1993, cat. 178, pp. 307, 379; traveled to Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, February 4–April 18, 1993, and Los Angeles County Museum of Art, June 6–August 15, 1993.
Eduard Gaffron (1861–1931), Lima, Peru, from 1892 to 1912, then Berlin, from 1912 [History of the Department report (Joanne Behrens, 1985) and correspondence in curatorial file]; by descent to his children Mercedes Gaffron, Berlin then Durham, SC, and Hans Gaffron (1902–1979), Berlin then Chicago [correspondence and documentation of the Gaffron Collection in curatorial file]; sold to the Art Institute, 1955.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.