Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Man Ray, Peintres nouveaux (Paris, 1924), vol. 36, p. 35 (ill.).
“Man Ray,” London Bulletin 10 (February 1939) p. 3. Arturo Schwarz, Man Ray: The Rigour of Imagination (New York, 1977), p. 38, fig. 34.
Francis Naumann, “Man Ray and America: The New York and Ridgefield Years: 1907-1921,” Ph.D. dissertation, City University of New York, New York, 1988 (UMI), pp. 279-280, no. 288/106.
Francis Naumann, New York Dada (New York, 1994), p. 83 (ill.).
James N. Wood and Teri J. Edelstein, The Art Institute of Chicago: Twentieth-Century Painting and Sculpture (Chicago, 1996), p. 42 (ill.).
New York, Daniel Gallery, before 1921.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Paintings and Drawings by American Artists Showing the Later Tendencies in Art, April-May 1921.
Paris, Librairie Six, Exposition Dada Man Ray, December 3-31. 1921, no. 34.
Paris, Galerie Surréaliste, Tableaux de Man Ray et objets des îles, March 26- April 10, 1926, no. 9.
Paris, Galerie Van Leer, late 1920s.
London, London Gallery, Man Ray, February 14-18, 1939, no. 11.
New York, Zabriskie Gallery, Man Ray: The New York Years 1913 to 1921, November 19, 1988-January 6, 989, p. 14 (ill.), cat. by Francis Naumann.
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Dada, 1915–1923, November 20, 1996–March 2, 1997.
New York, American Federation of Arts, Debating American Modernism: Stieglitz and Duchamp, 1915–1927; traveled to Santa Fe, Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, January 24–April 30, 2003; Des Moines, Iowa, Art Center, May 9–August 1, 2003.
Gerald Nordland, c. 1947/48, acquired directly from artist. Zabriskie Gallery, New York, 1988/89. Possibly Middendorf Gallery, Washington, D.C., 1989; Timothy Baum, New York, 1989. Sold to the Art Institute, 1989.
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