Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
A. James Speyer, “Twentieth-Century European Painting and Sculpture,” Apollo, vol. LXXXIV (September 1966), p. 223 (ill.), p. 225.
Baltimore, Museum of Art, The Partial Figure in Modern Sculpture from Rodin to 1969, December 2, 1969–February 1, 1970, p. 32 (ill.), p. 112.
Chicago, Art Institute, Chalk and Chisel: Sculptors’ Drawings in The Art Institute of Chicago, September 12–December 12, 1985.
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, by 1955. Purchased by Art Institute, March 1955.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.