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The Effect of Principle, Behold the Man (Handkerchief)

A work made of cotton, plain weave; copperplate printed.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of cotton, plain weave; copperplate printed.


c. 1806


Attributed to John Hewson (American, born England, 1744–1821) After Gilbert Stuart (American, 1755–1828)
United States, Pennsylvania, Probably Philadelphia

About this artwork

This handkerchief commemorates George Washington (1732–1799) and includes his resignation speech from September 19, 1796. The figure of Washington is based on a painting of the president by Gilbert Stuart, which was commissioned by Senator William Bingham of Pennsylvania in 1796. Printed handkerchiefs of this period often record events and individuals, and they were often displayed rather than used. This handkerchief is attributed to the successful calico printer John Hewson of Philadelphia.


Currently Off View




Gilbert Stuart (Painter)


The Effect of Principle, Behold the Man (Handkerchief)


United States (Object made in)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Made 1795–1810


Cotton, plain weave; copperplate printed


25.4 × 28 cm (10 × 11 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Emily Crane Chadbourne

Reference Number


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Extended information about this artwork

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