Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Shina Nanga Taisei, vol. 7 (1922 [Shôwa 11]), pl. 82.
Jack Sewell, Ming-Ch’ing Dynasties [Exh. cat.] (AIC, 1964), n.p., cover.
Chinese Art Society of America Archives, Vol. 8, (1953-1954), p. 84.
The Art Institute of Chicago : Ming (1368-1644) Ching (1644-1921) dynasties Exhibition 1964
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