River and Mountain Landscape

A work made of hanging scroll; ink on paper.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of hanging scroll; ink on paper.

Date:

Ming dynasty (1368–1644)

Artist:

Xiang Shengmo
Chinese, 1597-1658

About this artwork

Xiang Shengmo was a grandson of Xiang Yuanbian (1525–90), a distinguished connoisseur and collector of painting and calligraphy. The artist drew upon a wide range of ancient sources for his small-scale landscapes, which are renowned for their meticulous draftsmanship and quiet mood. The lone figure depicted here likely represents a reclusive scholar-official who has withdrawn from society into the solitude of nature—an ideal to which Xiang and other artists aspired. The collapse of the Ming dynasty and the loss of his family’s wealth, however, forced Xiang to sell his paintings for a livelihood rather than continue to paint for his own pleasure.

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Asian Art

Artist

Xiang Shengmo

Title

River and Mountain Landscape

Origin

China

Date

1368–1662

Medium

Hanging scroll; ink on paper

Inscriptions

Seals Xiang Bozi suo, relief, square; Chihziye, intaglio, square; Xiang Shengmo yin, intaglio, square

Dimensions

21 5/16 × 10 5/8 in.

Credit Line

Kate S. Buckingham Endowment Fund

Reference Number

1952.7

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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