Snuff Jar

A work made of earthenware.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of earthenware.

Date:

1849/52

Artist:

Lyman, Fenton & Company
American, 1849–52
Bennington, Vermont

About this artwork

Beginning in the mid-18th century, English manufacturers introduced yellow-bodied pottery with mottled brown glazing, commonly known as Rockingham ware, to the United States market. By the 1840s, factories in America, aided by English immigrant craftsmen, were producing the pottery to great success. Two of the most notable American makers of Rockingham ware were located in Bennington, Vermont, where potteries had existed since at least 1785, but there were also manufacturers in New Jersey, Ohio, Maryland, and elsewhere. Responding to the utilitarian needs of America’s middle class, these potteries produced a large range of objects, from spittoons to inkwells, snuffboxes to pitchers, and candlesticks to doorknobs.

Lyman, Fenton, and Company modeled snuff jars such as this one loosely after a beloved English form known as a Toby Fillpot or Philpot. These jugs were usually modeled as a seated figure in 18th-century dress with a cup in one hand and a pitcher in the other. In this transformation of the English jug into an American snuff jar, the hat, or mouth, of the vessel has been turned into a lid.

On View

American Art, Gallery 227

Artist

Lyman, Fenton & Co.

Title

Snuff Jar

Origin

Bennington

Date

1849–1852

Medium

Earthenware

Inscriptions

Mark impressed on bottom: "Lyman, Fenton & Co./Bennington/Fenton's/Enamel/Patent/1849"

Dimensions

10.4 × 9.1 cm (4 1/8 × 3 9/16 in.)

Credit Line

Amelia Blanxius Collection, gift of Emma B. Hodge and Jene E. Bell

Reference Number

1912.959

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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