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Ploughing on the Campagnetta

A work made of photogravure.

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  • A work made of photogravure.




James Craig Annan
Scottish, 1864–1946

About this artwork

J. Craig Annan was a leading proponent of the Pictorialist movement of photography and an expert in the photogravure process, in which traditional printmaking materials are used to reproduce photographs in ink. In 1896 Annan published a portfolio, “Venice and Lombardy,” featuring views from his travels to Italy; “Ploughing on the Campagnetta,” which depicts a team of oxen laboring in the field, was among them. This print reflects the Pictorialist ideal of an “artistic” photograph—combining the photographic detail captured by the lens with the painterly smears and smudges of the ink used in the printing process.


Currently Off View


Photography and Media


James Craig Annan


Ploughing on the Campagnetta


Scotland (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Made 1894




Signed recto, lower right, below image, in graphite: J Craig Annan ["na" underlined]; inscribed recto, lower left, in graphite: Ploughing on the Campagnetta; unmarked verso


Image: 5 × 14.8 cm (2 × 5 7/8 in.); Paper: 14.3 × 24.1 cm (5 11/16 × 9 1/2 in.)

Credit Line

Alfred Stieglitz Collection

Reference Number


Extended information about this artwork

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