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Coffin and Mummy of Paankhenamun

A work made of cartonnage, gold leaf, pigment, and mummified human remains.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of cartonnage, gold leaf, pigment, and mummified human remains.


Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22 (about 945–715 BCE)



About this artwork

Mummification is the ancient Egyptian funerary practice of drying out a corpse for preservation. Anointed with oils and spices and protected with amulets, this linen-wrapped body was placed in a series of nesting coffins; the vividly painted cartonnage was the innermost shell. Across the surface of the mummy case, inscriptions and painted scenes and symbols identify the deceased— Paankhenamun (The One Who Lives for Amun)—and proclaim his wish to live well in the afterlife. Another inscription records that he was the doorkeeper of the temple of Amun. The names and titles on the coffin suggest that he lived at Thebes. The central scene depicts the presentation of the deceased by the falcon-headed deity Horus to Osiris, the ruler of eternity (shown, as was common, as a mummy). Other divinities help the deceased in his journey to the afterlife. Despite the youthful features of the gilt face, X-rays reveal that Paankhenamun was middle-aged.


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Arts of Africa


Ancient Egyptian


Coffin and Mummy of Paankhenamun




945 BCE–715 BCE


Cartonnage, gold leaf, pigment, and mummified human remains


170.2 × 43.2 × 31.7 cm (67 × 17 × 12 1/2 in.)

Credit Line

W. Moses Willner Fund

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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