Pilgrimage Jug with Christian Symbols

A work made of glass, mold-blown technique.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of glass, mold-blown technique.


578–636 AD


Byzantine; Jerusalem

About this artwork

Glass vessels were one of the many kinds of objects that were made for pilgrims of different faiths who visited Jerusalem. This jug was clearly made for a Christian. Three sides of it feature representations of a monumental, gem-encrusted cross that was erected on the rock of Golgotha, the site of Christ’s crucifixion, in the fourth century. Sixth-century pilgrims described steps leading up to the site from the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and it seems likely that this jug was intended to hold oils procured at the site that were taken as souvenirs.

Glass workshops outside the walls of Jerusalem mass-produced a series of hexagonal and octagonal jugs with Christian or Jewish symbols on their sides. The vessels with Christian symbols, like this example, have images of the cross alternating with diamond shapes. Such vessels were probably filled with oil from holy sites and sold to pilgrims.

Currently Off View

Ancient and Byzantine Art




Pilgrimage Jug with Christian Symbols


Jerusalem, Latin Kingdom of


578 AD–636 AD


Glass, mold-blown technique


15 × 9.1 × 7 cm (5 7/8 × 3 9/16 × 2 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Theodore W. and Frances S. Robinson

Reference Number


Extended information about this artwork

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