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Mrs. Daniel Hubbard (Mary Greene)

Painted portrait of woman in green dress and cloud backdrop.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • Painted portrait of woman in green dress and cloud backdrop.


c. 1764


John Singleton Copley
American, 1738–1815

About this artwork

John Singleton Copley was largely self-taught, his only formal training from his stepfather Peter Pelham, an English artist who specialized in mezzotint engraving. He nonetheless garnered considerable success as a portrait painter before the Revolutionary War. The sitter here, Mary Greene Hubbard, was a member of Boston’s merchant class (Copley’s portrait of her husband, Daniel Hubbard [1947.27], is also in the Art Institute collection). Her pose, gown, and background were precisely copied from a British engraving of a noblewoman, yet Copley distinguished the work as his own by capturing the figure’s individual features as well as the surfaces and colors of the luxurious fabrics. A decade later, he left colonial Massachusetts for England to further his career and simultaneously escape the strong political divides among family, friends, and patrons amid the impending Revolution.


On View, Gallery 167


Arts of the Americas


John Singleton Copley


Mrs. Daniel Hubbard (Mary Greene)




c. 1764


Oil on canvas


127.6 × 100.9 cm (50 1/4 × 39 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Art Institute of Chicago Purchase Fund

Reference Number


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