Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Judith A. Barter and Lynn E. Springer, Currents of Expansion: Painting in the Midwest, 1820–1940, exh. cat. (St. Louis, MO: St. Louis Art Museum, 1977), cat. 76.
Michael B. Emery et al., “Fruit in Graphic Art,” (Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 2013), (ill.).
Art Institute of Chicago, Art in Illinois: In Honor of the Illinois Sesquicentennial, June 15–Sept. 8, 1968, no cat.
St. Louis Art Museum, Currents of Expansion: Painting in the Midwest, 1820–1940, Feb. 18–Apr. 10, 1977, cat. 76.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.