About this artwork
The front (obverse) of this coin portrays the head of Mark Antony, facing to the right. On the back (reverse), a bust of Cleopatra is portrayed, facing to the right.
Through Cleopatra, Egypt became involved in the chaotic political struggles of the Roman civil war, in which Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, and Octavian sought to control Egypt’s wealth of grain and gold. Eventually this led to the end of Egypt’s existence as a sovereign nation as well as the destruction of the Ptolemaic dynasty. This coin was struckafter Antony and Cleopatra had married and joined forces to fight Octavian. A year later, in 31 BCE. Octavian would defeat the pair at the Battle of Actium, and the ruling dynasty begun by Ptolemy would end with Cleopatra’s death in 30 BCE.
- Currently Off View
- Arts of the Ancient Mediterranean and Byzantium
- Ancient Roman
- Denarius (Coin) Portraying Mark Antony and Queen Cleopatra VII
- Ancient Greece
- 37 BCE–33 BCE
- Obverse: ANTONI ARMENIA DEVICTA "Antony, with Armenia being conquered" Reverse: CLEOPATRAE (REGINAE REG)VM FILIORVM REGVM "For Cleopatra, Queen of kings and of her sons, being kings"
- Diam. 1.9 cm; 3.36 g
- Gift of Martin A. Ryerson