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The Red Armchair

Cubist painting of woman, bright yellow, green, purple colors.
© 2018 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

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  • Cubist painting of woman, bright yellow, green, purple colors.


December 16, 1931


Pablo Picasso
Spanish, active France, 1881–1973

About this artwork

Pablo Picasso painted numerous portraits of the many women in his life. Often the circumstances surrounding his relationships or the distinct personalities of his sitters seem to have precipitated stylistic changes in his work. Marie-Thérèse Walter came into the artist’s life around 1925. Though twenty-eight years older and married, the smitten artist began to furtively reference her blond hair, broad features, and voluptuous body in his work. Perhaps acknowledging the double life they were leading, he devised a new motif: a face that encompasses both frontal and profile views.

Picasso experimented beyond form and style, exploring different materials—including found objects such as newspaper, wallpaper, and even studio scraps—in his work. The Red Armchair demonstrates the artist’s innovative use of Ripolin, an industrial house paint that he first employed as early as 1912 for its brilliant colors as well as for its ability to provide an almost brushless finish if used straight from the can. In preparation for an exhibition of his work at the Galeries Georges Petit in 1931, Picasso began a series of large paintings of Walter, of which The Red Armchair was the first. Here he mixed Ripolin with oil to produce a wide range of surface effects—from the crisp brush marks in the yellow background to the thick but leveled look of the white face and the smooth black outlines of the figure.


On View, Gallery 394


Modern Art


Pablo Picasso


The Red Armchair


Spain (Artist's nationality)




Oil and Ripolin on panel


Signed, u.r.: "Picasso"


131.1 × 98.7 cm (51 5/8 × 38 7/8 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Saidenberg

Reference Number



© 2018 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Extended information about this artwork

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