Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Milo M. Naeve, “Relief Sculpture, a Challenge Met by Saint–Gaudens, Bitter and Eakins,” Bulletin of The Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago, n.d.), 14–15, fig. 12.
Evan Turner, “Thomas Eakins, the Quest for Truth,” Art Institute of Chicago Centennial Lectures, Museum Studies, 164–89, fig. 1.
Judith A. Barter et al., American Arts at The Art Institute of Chicago: From Colonial Times to World War I (Art Institute of Chicago, 1998), 229–31, no. 108.
Mrs. Thomas Eakins; LeRoy Ireland; Edward Hanley Collection; Unknown Ohio dealer; Larry Fleischman, Kennedy Galleries, New York City, by 1978; sold to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1978.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.