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The Executioner

A work made of lithograph in black on cream wove paper.
© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City

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  • A work made of lithograph in black on cream wove paper.




José Chávez Morado
Mexican, 1909-2002

About this artwork

This work expresses the Taller de Gráfica Popular’s solidarity with the Republican cause in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39), a primary focus of the workshop’s antifascist production. Under the Cárdenas administration, Mexico was the only country apart from the Soviet Union to openly support the constitutionally elected Republican government against General Francisco Franco’s fascist forces, and the conflict became a political touchstone whose outcome both the Mexican left and right understood as critical to the country’s future. Morado’s work employs caricature to mock Franco and his forces despite their ultimate victory.

Este trabajo expresa la solidaridad del Taller de Gráfica Popular con la causa republicana en la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939), un foco principal de la producción antifascista del taller.  Bajo el gobierno de Cárdenas, México fue el único país, además de la Unión Soviética, en apoyar abiertamente al gobierno constitucionalmente electo de la República en contra de las fuerzas fascistas dirigidas por el general Francisco Franco. Este conflicto se convirtió en piedra de toque tanto para la izquierda como para la derecha mexicanas, quienes entendieron que el resultado de la guerra podría ser crítico para el porvenir de su propio país. El trabajo de Morado emplea una caricatura para burlarse de Franco y sus fuerzas a pesar de su victoria final.


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Prints and Drawings


José Chávez Morado


The Executioner


Mexico (Artist's nationality)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Lithograph in black on cream wove paper


Image: 33.5 × 29 cm (13 1/4 × 11 7/16 in.); Sheet: 65.5 × 50 cm (25 13/16 × 19 11/16 in.)

Credit Line

The Art Institute of Chicago

Reference Number



© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City

Extended information about this artwork

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