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Apollo on Parnassus, Surrounded by the Muses and Poets

A work made of engraving in black on ivory laid paper.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of engraving in black on ivory laid paper.




Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, c. 1480-1534)
after Raffaello Sanzio, called Raphael (Italian, 1483-1520)

About this artwork

Famous artworks replicated in print became more famous with each copy. While Marcantonio Raimondi was sued by Albrecht Dürer for illegally copying his woodcuts, he worked directly with Raphael to create printed versions of the master’s paintings and drawings for dissemination. The fresco of Apollo on Parnassus would have been inaccessible even to buyers who could afford this large print, as it was in Pope Julius II’s personal library in the Vatican. The engraving explicitly mentions this; the inscription on the doorway beneath the painting reads Raphael Pinxit in Vaticano, MAF (Raphael painted [the fresco] in the Vatican and Marcantonio made [the engraving].)


Currently Off View


Prints and Drawings


Marcantonio Raimondi


Apollo on Parnassus, Surrounded by the Muses and Poets


Italy (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Made 1517–1520


Engraving in black on ivory laid paper


Signed and inscribed recto lower center, in plate in image: “RAPHAEL PINXIT IN VATICANO / MAF” (monogram)


35.8 × 47.2 cm (14 1/8 × 18 5/8 in.)

Credit Line

Clarence Buckingham Collection

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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Extended information about this artwork

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