Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Meyric R. Rogers and Oswald Goetz, Handbook to the Lucy Maud Buckingham Medieval Collection (Chicago, 1945), no. 3, pl. VI.
Art News, “New Life to the Middle Ages: Chicago’s Recent Purchases,” Art News 44, 1 (February 15-28, 1945), pp. 20-22 (ill.), 29.
Art Institute of Chicago, “The Year 1944,” Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago 39, 4 (April – May 1945), p. 3 (ill.).
Elisabeth Nau, “Staufer-Adler,” Jahrbuch der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen in Baden-Württemberg 5 (1968), pp. 38-40, 52, fig. 54.
John Maxon, The Art Institute of Chicago (New York, 1970), p. 219 (ill.).
New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (catalogue by Konrad Hoffmann), 12 February – 10 May 1970, no. 46.
Moscow, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Decorative-Applied Art from Late Antiquity to the Late Gothic Style, 14 May – 14 July 1990, and the Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, 14 August – 14 October 1990, no. 33.
Piero Tozzi, New York, by 1944 [according to Receipt #8095 in Registrar’s office]; sold to the Art Institute, 1944.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.