Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
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Algernon Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts: A Complete Dictionary of Contributors and their Work from its Foundation in 1769 to 1904 1 (London: Henry Graves and Company, Ltd., 1905), p. 384.
For biographical information on Calvi, see:
Vincenzo Vicario, Gli Scultori Italiani: dal neoclassicismo al liberty 1 (1994), p. 227.
Art Institute of Chicago, “Art at the Time of the Centennial,” 19 June - 8 August 1976 [no cat.].
Mrs. Maurice L. Rothschild, Chicago, by 1974; given to the Art Institute, 1974.
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