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Plum, Pine, and Bamboo

A work made of hanging scroll; ink and color on paper.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of hanging scroll; ink and color on paper.


Qing dynasty (1644–1911), mid- to late 19th century


Xugu (Chinese, 1823-1896)

About this artwork

This painting presents the overlapping branches of pine, plum, and bamboo trees—three species traditionally asso-ciated with integrity because of their enduring nature. Xugu, originally named Zhu Huairen, was a military officer who gave up his career to become a Chan Buddhist monk during the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64). After wander-ing the cities to sell his paintings, he settled in Shanghai and became a prominent member of the art world there. Xugu excelled at capturing lively impressions of plants and animals, such as bamboo, wisteria, squirrels, and fish.


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Arts of Asia




Plum, Pine, and Bamboo


China (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper


147.9 × 81.3 cm (58 1/4 × 32 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Florence Ayscough and Harley Farnsworth MacNair

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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