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Black Cross, New Mexico

Painting of close-up cross, mountain, red, yellow sky backdrop.
© The Art Institute of Chicago

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  • Painting of close-up cross, mountain, red, yellow sky backdrop.




Georgia O’Keeffe (American, 1887–1986)

About this artwork

“For me, painting the crosses was a way of painting the country,” recalled Georgia O’Keeffe about the series of compositions featuring Catholic crosses that she created upon visiting the Southwest in 1929. In Black Cross, New Mexico, she contrasted the handmade cross, magnified in scale and isolated flat against the picture plane, with the distant brilliance of the sunset behind the rolling hills. O’Keeffe’s cross paintings helped cement her association with New Mexico, to which she would return every summer until she moved there permanently in 1949. The Art Institute organized her first major museum retrospective in 1943, and purchased this painting at the time.


On View, Regenstein Hall


Arts of the Americas


Georgia O'Keeffe


Black Cross, New Mexico


New Mexico (Place depicted)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Made 1929


Oil on canvas


99.1 × 76.2 cm (39 × 30 in.)

Credit Line

Art Institute Purchase Fund

Reference Number



© The Art Institute of Chicago

Extended information about this artwork

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