Skip to Content
Closed now, next open tomorrow. Closed now, next open tomorrow.

The Crucifixion of Polycrates

A work made of etching, with drypoint, in black on ivory laid paper.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

Image actions

  • A work made of etching, with drypoint, in black on ivory laid paper.


c. 1662


Salvator Rosa
Italian, 1615-1673

About this artwork

Salvator Rosa was an important printmaker as well as an admired painter. The artist’s oversize etching of the Greek Polycrates’ crucifixion by his Persian enemy (c. 522 b.c.) probably preceded his painting of the same subject. Rosa’s slightly simplified painting appears in reverse, likely because he worked from the print’s preparatory cartoon to create it. The legend beneath the print reads: “Polycrates, tyrant of Samos, famous for his wealth and good fortune, when he was captured by Oretes, Satrap of the Persians, and fastened on a cross, showed that no man can be truly called happy until he is dead.”


Currently Off View


Prints and Drawings


Salvator Rosa


The Crucifixion of Polycrates


Italy (Artist's nationality)




Etching, with drypoint, in black on ivory laid paper


Plate: 47 × 72.8 cm (18 9/16 × 28 11/16 in.); Sheet: 52.6 × 77 cm (20 3/4 × 30 3/8 in.)

Credit Line

John H. Wrenn Memorial Endowment

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

Learn more.

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.


Sign up for our enewsletter to receive updates.

Learn more

Image actions