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Polycrates' Crucifixion

A work made of oil on canvas.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of oil on canvas.




Salvator Rosa
Italian, 1615–1673

About this artwork

A native of Naples, Salvator Rosa settled in Rome in 1649, producing dramatic works regarded as counterparts to the calm, classical landscapes of his contemporaries Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin. Rosa’s landscapes present nature as wild, filled with striking effects of light, jagged cliffs, and dark grottoes. These qualities underline the eerie mood in his depiction of the death of Polycrates, ruler of the Greek island of Samos. Together with its companion piece Polycrates and the Fisherman, it illustrates the king’s inability to escape the ups and downs of fortune to which all humans are subject.


On View, Gallery 209


Painting and Sculpture of Europe


Salvator Rosa


Polycrates' Crucifixion


Italy (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Oil on canvas


73.4 × 98.9 cm (28 7/8 × 38 15/16 in.)

Credit Line

Wentworth Greene Field Memorial Fund

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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