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The Battle of St. James The Greater at Clavijo

A work made of engraving on paper.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of engraving on paper.




school of Martin Schongauer
German, c. 1430/50-1491

About this artwork

Saint James the Greater (died a.d. 44) was one of Christ’s apostles and the patron saint of Spain. He was said to have miraculously appeared, sword in hand, to help the Christian Spaniards defeat a Muslim army in a.d. 844—a battle that in fact never happened. The scene here abounds in gritty details such as the beheaded enemy corpse and various dismembered limbs. The saint wears a scallop shell on his hat, an allusion to the sign pilgrims wore on their long journey to revere his relics at the Spanish cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.


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Prints and Drawings


School of Martin Schongauer


The Battle of St. James The Greater at Clavijo


Germany (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Artist's working dates 1450–1491


Engraving on paper


Sheet trimmed within platemark: 28.7 × 42.3 cm (11 5/16 × 16 11/16 in.)

Credit Line

Bequest of Mrs. Potter Palmer, Jr.

Reference Number


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