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Side Chair

A work made of mahogany, white oak, white pine, and beech.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of mahogany, white oak, white pine, and beech.




Artist unknown (American, 18th century)
Albany or New York

About this artwork

This chair is from a set made to commemorate either the marriage of Judge Robert Livingston and his wife Margaret, in 1742, or that of their son Robert and his wife Mary, in 1770. The “RML” cipher-pierced back splat is unique in American chair design of this period. The contrast of the high-style Chippendale design with the crude craftsmanship of the carvings suggests that the chair was worked on by several hands or that it was made by a country craftsman unfamiliar with practices of the more sophisticated port cities. The powerful Livingston family controlled a large estate near Albany as well as land in New York City.


Currently Off View


Arts of the Americas


Artist unknown


Side Chair


New York (Object made in)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

c. 1742–1790


Mahogany, white oak, white pine, and beech


Inscribed on right interior seat rail and on lower surface of front slipseat rail: IIII Inscribed on inner surface of rear seat rail: VII


108.6 × 58.4 × 54.6 cm (41 3/4 × 23 × 21 1/2 in.)

Credit Line

Richard T. Crane Jr. Memorial Fund

Reference Number


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Extended information about this artwork

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