About this artwork
Daguerreotypes—brilliant photographs on metal plates—memorialized families with the first widely affordable images. The technology was especially popular in the 1840s and 1850s, an era of higher mortality rates. Daguerreotypists employed the slogan “Secure the shadow, ere the substance fade” to encourage sitters to visit the photographer’s studio before it was too late. This is one of a rare group of five images that tracks a single family over several years, including a period of mourning. Most of the images focus of the family’s patriarch, Charles Coit, including a photographic portrait, a painted portrait based on that photograph, a daguerreotype copy of that painting, and finally, a daguerreotype of the entire family posing with the painting—as a substitute for the father in a group portrait—made after his untimely death. These family photographs thus invite meditation on mortality and the function of representation. Can a painting stand in for a person? Can a photograph?
This is a daguerreotype of a painting. Charles Coit sat for his photograph (2019.457) sometime before his death in 1855. That daguerreotype was used to make a large-scale oil painting, which was then copied here, probably after his death. (Note how the painter smoothed out some of his wrinkles and imparted a sheen to his hair.)
- Untitled (Painted Portrait of Charles Coit)
- United States
- Made 1855–1856
- 8 × 6.8 cm (3 1/4 × 2 3/4 in., plate); 9.4 × 16.2 × 1 cm (open case); 9.4 × 8.1 × 2 cm (case)
- The W. Bruce and Delaney H. Lundberg Collection, restricted gift of The Phillip Leonian and Edith Rosenbaum Leonian Charitable Trust