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25 June 1982

A work made of color offset lithograph on white wove paper.

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  • A work made of color offset lithograph on white wove paper.




José Freire
Mozambican, 1930–1998

About this artwork

This poster honors Mozambique’s seventh anniversary of independence and the 20th anniversary of the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique, the country’s major revolutionary movement and, then, political party.

José Freire used a range of socialist iconography, including an AK-47, a hammer, and a hoe, to symbolize the country’s armed struggle and worker-peasant alliance. An upraised arm carries a swaying bouquet of branches in national colors with the red branch ending in a five-pointed star, another socialist icon. The text at the bottom of the poster, Independence or Death—We Will Win!, evokes the rallying cry of the country’s liberation struggle.


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Prints and Drawings


José Freire


25 June 1982


Mozambique (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Color offset lithograph on white wove paper


79.6 × 55 cm (31 3/8 × 21 11/16 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Warren Siebrits and Lunetta Bartz

Reference Number


Extended information about this artwork

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