Aureus (Coin) Portraying Emperor Maximianus Herculius

A work made of gold.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of gold.

Date:

303

Artist:

Roman; minted in Trier, Germany

About this artwork

On the front of this well-preserved coin is a portrait of the Roman emperor Maximianus Herculius (reigned 286–305). He was one of the four men (called tetrarchs) who together ruled the Roman Empire at this time, after its division into east and west halves under Diocletian (reigned 284–305). Maximianus is identified by the inscription that encircles his portrait—MAXIMIA - NVS P F AVG. The phrase P[ius] F[elix] Augustus indicates that he is a “dutiful” and “happy” emperor. Diocletian gave Maximianus the title of Herculius, a reference to the great hero Hercules, who is depicted on the back of the coin with his characteristic club and lion skin.

On View

Ancient and Byzantine Art, Gallery 153

Artist

Ancient Roman

Title

Aureus (Coin) Portraying Emperor Maximianus Herculius

Date

303 AD

Medium

Gold

Inscriptions

Obverse: MAXIMIA - NVS P F AVG (Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus) Reverse: HERCVLI – CONSER[VATORI] AUGG ET CAESS NN (defender or protector, Our Augustus and Caesar).

Dimensions

1.8 cm; 5.25 g

Credit Line

Restricted gifts of the Classical Art Society, John T. Vaughan and Jeffrey R. Darna

Reference Number

2016.189

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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