Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Gift of The Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Foundation
Extended information about this artwork
Ministerio de Educación, Exposición Lam: obras receintes, exh. brochure (Ministerio de Educación, 1950), n.pag., cat. 13.
Whitechapel Art Gallery, 20th-Century Form: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, exh. cat. (Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1953) p. 7, cat. 24 (by error as Caos-Caos, 1952).
Max-Pol Fouchet, Wifredo Lam (Éditions Cercle d’Art, 1976), pp. 236, cat. 440 (ill.); 258 (as A point, 1948).
André Pieyre de Mandiargues, “W lam!,” special issue of XXe siècle, 52 (July 1979), p. 65 (color ill.).
Dawn Ades, Mary Mathews Gedo, Mary Jane Jacob, Rosalind E. Krauss, Dennis Alan Nawrocki, Lowery Stokes Sims, In the Mind’s Eye: Dada and Surrealism, ed. Terry Ann R. Neff, exh. cat. (Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago/Abberville Press, 1984), p. 163 (ill. by error as Untitled, circa 1965).
London, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 20th-Century Form: Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Apr. 9–May 31, 1953, cat. 24 (by error as Caos-Caos, 1952).
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, In the Mind’s Eye: Dada and Surrealism in Chicago Collections, Dec. 1, 1984–Jan. 27, 1985, no cat. no. (by error as Untitled, circa 1965).
Private collection, by 1953 [London 1954]. Sold through Frumkin Gallery, Chicago, to Leonard J. and Ruth P. Horwich, Chicago, by 1976 [email from attorneys for Horwich estate, June 23, 2016, copy in curatorial object file; Fouchet 1976, p. 278]; by descent to the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Foundation, Chicago, 2014; given in partial interest to the Art Institute of Chicago, April 21, 2015; given to the Art Institute of Chicago, July 6, 2016.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.