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Royal Cap (Orikogbofo)

A work made of glass, cloth, and string.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of glass, cloth, and string.


20th century


Coastal West Africa

About this artwork

Brilliantly colorful, Yoruba crowns and hats feature strands of tiny glass beads sewn on a cloth base. These glass beads normally distinguish worshippers of different orisa, or deities: white beads are worn by Obatala worshipers, black and red by Esu worshipers, red and white by Sango, green by Ifa, and so on. The presence of a full spectrum of colors on royal crowns thus visibly demonstrates that in the person of the Oba, or king, all religious groups are united. The makers of orikobofo are liberated from rigid conventions and are able to explore new designs, color combinations, and forms.


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Arts of Africa




Royal Cap (Orikogbofo)


Nigeria (Object made in)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Made 1901–2000


Glass, cloth, and string


16.5 × 20.3 × 21 cm (6 1/2 × 8 × 8 1/4 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Donald Young and Shirley Weese Young

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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Extended information about this artwork

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