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The Past, the Present, the Future, plate 349

A work made of lithograph in black on off-white wove paper.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of lithograph in black on off-white wove paper.




Honoré Victorin Daumier
French, 1808-1879

About this artwork

Honoré Victorin Daumier’s caricatures of French King Louis-Philippe (reigned 1830–1848) used satire as a form of political critique. This print, published in the satirical journal La Caricature in 1834, depicts the king with an exaggerated pear-shaped head and three faces, reflecting the sharp shift in public opinion of the king—from inspiring hope at his coronation to inciting despair once his reign took hold. Daumier’s caricatures did get him into trouble: his earlier print, Gargantua, an even more biting critique of the monarchy’s gluttonous economic policies, resulted in the artist and his publisher Charles Philipon being sentenced to six months in jail in 1832.


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Prints and Drawings


Honoré-Victorin Daumier


The Past, the Present, the Future, plate 349


France (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Lithograph in black on off-white wove paper


Image: 21.6 × 19.5 cm (8 9/16 × 7 11/16 in.); Sheet: 35.7 × 27 cm (14 1/16 × 10 11/16 in.)

Credit Line

Albert H. Wolf Memorial Collection

Reference Number


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