Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Through prior gift of Albert A. Robin; Pauline Palmer and Norman Waite Harris Prize, Flora Mayer Witkowsky, Contemporary Discretionary, Walter M. Campana Memorial, Max V. Kohnstamm Prize, Virginia K. Headburg, Jacob and Bessie Levy Art Encouragement funds
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