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A.I.Z. (Workers' Illustrated Magazine)

A work made of photolithograph
periodicals (various bound & loose issues).
© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

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  • A work made of photolithograph
periodicals (various bound & loose issues).




John Heartfield
German, 1891–1968

About this artwork

In 1929, following ten years of activity in photomontage and publishing, John Heartfield began working for the left-wing periodical Workers’ Illustrated Magazine (Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung [AIZ]). The weekly magazine, founded to popularize news and images from a working-class viewpoint, served from the first as a major organ of opposition to the rising National Socialist Party. When Hitler took power in early 1933, Heartfield and the AIZ editorial office fled to Prague; many of Heartfield’s best-known covers for the magazine were made in the Czech capital. Among them is this iconic picture of a monumental fist that contains a multitude of arms raised in solidarity. The composition, exceptional for Heartfield in that it shows a picture of inspiration rather than acerbic critique, was undoubtedly influenced by the work of Soviet photomontage artist Gustav Klutsis, particularly a 1932 election poster for which Klutsis repeated the image of his own raised palm numerous times to evoke a crowd acting as one. In 2009 the Art Institute acquired a premier collection of Central and Eastern European photography in print that includes 163 issues of AIZ—one of the largest such holdings in the United States—and many other books, periodicals, and posters by both Heartfield and Klutsis.


On View, Gallery 1


Photography and Media


John Heartfield


A.I.Z. (Workers' Illustrated Magazine)


Germany (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.

Made 1929–1934


Photolithograph Periodicals (Various bound & loose issues)


38.1 × 28 cm (15 × 11 1/16 in.); Loose issues: 37.7 × 27.4 cm (14 7/8 × 10 13/16 in.); Bound issues: 38.1 × 28 cm (15 × 11 in.)

Credit Line

Wirt D. Walker Trust

Reference Number

Obj: 199245


© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

Extended information about this artwork

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