Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Purchased with funds provided by Neville and John Bryan; through prior acquisition of various donors
Extended information about this artwork
Annual Report (Art Institute of Chicago, 2005–2006), p. 22.
Carlieanne Kaufman Erickson, “A Craft of Their Own: Women and Metalworking in the American Crafts Movement in Boston and Chicago” (M.A. thesis, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum Smithsonian Institution; and Parsons The New School for Design, 2012), p. 46, fig. 3.43.
Judith A. Barter, Elizabeth McGoey, et al., American Silver in the Art Institute of Chicago (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016), cat. 74 (ill.).
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