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Diptych of the Virgin and Child Enthroned and the Crucifixion

A work made of tempera on panel.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of tempera on panel.




Eastern Mediterranean or Italian

About this artwork

This diptych, a hinged and portable work used for private devotion, was probably made in the Latin Kingdom established in the Holy Land by the Crusaders. In style, technique, and the use of both Latin and Greek inscriptions, it shows a mixture of Eastern and Western elements. The diptych may have been made by an Italian craftsman, possibly working in the coastal city of Acre, which was the capital of a reduced crusader kingdom in the late 13th century. This type of private devotional work, and related Byzantine models imported back into Western Europe, exerted a powerful influence on later painting in Italy, France, and the Low Countries.


On View, Gallery 236


Painting and Sculpture of Europe


Diptych of the Virgin and Child Enthroned and the Crucifixion


Italy (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Tempera on panel


left wing, S. RAPAEL [RAPHAEL] (upper left in red pigment), S. GABRIEL (upper right in red pigment), .FL[...] (vertically, below center left in red pigment); right wing, IC CR (on the cross in gold pigment), MP OY (center left in red pigment), [...] (center right in red pigment)


Left wing: 38 × 29.5 cm (14 15/16 × 11 5/8 in.); Painted image of left wing: 29.8 × 22.3 cm (11 3/4 × 8 3/4 in.); Right wing: 38 × 29.5 cm (14 15/16 × 11 5/8 in.); Painted image of right wing: 30 × 22.3 cm (11 7/8 × 8 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection

Reference Number


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Extended information about this artwork

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