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Processional Cross with Saint Mary Magdalene and a Blessed Hermit

Framed gold panel of the Crucifixion, kneeling figures, flying angels.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • Framed gold panel of the Crucifixion, kneeling figures, flying angels.




Lorenzo Monaco
Italian, 1370/75–1425

About this artwork

Representative of the early work of Lorenzo Monaco, a Camaldolese monk and leading Florentine painter of the end of the fourteenth century and the beginning of the fifteenth century, the delicate colors and simplified forms of this Crucifixion are exceptionally well preserved. The medallion above the crucified Christ contains an image of Christ in Glory, holding a palm in each hand to symbolize his victory over death. Below, the crowned figure of King David holds an inscribed scroll. More often in Crucifixion scenes of this period, a pelican appears at the top of the cross and the skull of Adam lies at the foot. A penitential theme is suggested by the figures kneeling under the Cross: on the right is a haloed Magdalen in a red robe; on the left, a man with the incised rays of a beatus, or blessed one, emanating from his head wears the torn brown cloak of a hermit. He was probably meant to represent a specific hermit within the Camaldolese order. The panel has a hole drilled at the base, allowing it to be mounted on a pole and used as a processional cross, likely in the monastic Camaldolese community of Santa Maria degli Angeli, where Lorenzo lived and worked.


On View, Gallery 237


Painting and Sculpture of Europe


Lorenzo Monaco


Processional Cross with Saint Mary Magdalene and a Blessed Hermit


Italy (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Tempera on panel


Inscription: atop the cross, ICXC (Jesus Christ); on the scroll held by the figure at the foot of the cross, [MISE] RERE MEI D[EUS] (Have mercy upon me, O God)

Credit Line

Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection

Reference Number


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Extended information about this artwork

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