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Bound Manuscript: The Miracles of Mary (Te'amire Maryam)

A work made of parchment, ink, tempera, wood, leather, cotton, and string.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of parchment, ink, tempera, wood, leather, cotton, and string.


Late 17th century


Gondar, Ethiopia
Eastern and Southern Africa

About this artwork

Created under King Yohannes (1667–1682) or King Iyyasu I (1682–1706), this manuscript in the First Gonderine style—with bold outlines and a rich palette—includes 32 painted scenes narrating the miracles performed by the Virgin Mary, a series intended to guide weekly devotion. These codified ‘Miracles of Mary’ became one of the most popular themes for religious books after the intensification of Marian worship in the mid-15th century.


On loan to The Cleveland Museum of Art in Cleveland for Africa and Byzantium


Arts of Africa


Bound Manuscript: The Miracles of Mary (Te'amire Maryam)


Ethiopia (Object made in)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Parchment, ink, tempera, wood, leather, cotton, and string


36.8 × 31.8 × 9.5 cm (14 1/2 × 12 1/2 × 3 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Ada Turnbull Hertle and Marian and Samuel Klasstorner endowments

Reference Number


IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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Extended information about this artwork

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