Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
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Peter Furst, ed. (Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, 1972), 114, fig. 22 (ill).
Alana Cordy-Collins, “The Jaguar of the Backwards Glance” in Icons of Power: Feline Symbolism in the Americas, Nicholas Saunders, ed. (London: Routledge Press, 1989), 161.
Alan C. Lapiner, Precolumbian Art of South America (New York: H. M. Abrams, 1976), 41, figs. 40, 41.
Richard Townsend, ed. The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscape, exh. cat. (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago and Prestel Verlag, 1992), 273, 376, fig. 12 (ill.).
Richard Townsend with Elizabeth Pope, Indian Art of the Americas at the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, Art Institute of Chicago and Yale University Press, 2016), 281, cat. 225.
Art Institute of Chicago, The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscape, Oct. 10, 1992–Jan. 3, 1993; cat. 42; Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, Feb. 4–Apr. 18, 1993; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, June 6–Aug. 15, 1993.
André Emmerich, New York, by 1969 [Emmerich catalogue no. AS-227; invoice, Jan. 18, 1969, copy in curatorial object file]; sold to Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Museum of Art, Utica, NY, Feb. 18, 1969 [accession number 69.4; Furst 1972, 114, fig. 22]; consigned to Claudia Giangola and John Menser, Ancient Art of the New World, New York [Bill of Sale, Sept. 12, 2000, and incoming permanent receipt RX22894, Sept. 28, 2000, copies in curatorial object file, Arts of the Americas]; sold to the Art Institute of Chicago, 2000.
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