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Sideboard and Wine Cabinet

A work made of pine and mahogany, painted and gilded; iron straps; and metal mounts.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of pine and mahogany, painted and gilded; iron straps; and metal mounts.




Designed by William Burges
English, 1827–1881
Painted by Nathaniel Hubert John Westlake
English, 1833–1921
Made by Harland & Fisher
London, England

About this artwork

William Burges was one of the preeminent architect-designers of the 19th-century Gothic Revival. The patterns and designs on this cabinet draw inspiration from the tracery and stained glass of Gothic cathedrals, as well as medieval manuscript illumination.

In contrast to the reverent approach of fellow archictect-designer Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin, Burges’s interpretation of the Middle Ages is more playful and humorous. The scenes on the cabinet’s four projecting panels are painted in brilliant colors and an abundance of gold by Nathaniel Westlake. They illustrate a 14th-century French poem called “Le Martyre de Saint Bacchus” (The Martyrdom of Saint Bacchus). In a witty parody of the lives of the saints, the anonymous poet contended that healing the sick and consoling the unfortunate are not just the stuff of sainthood, but the work of wine as well.

On the sideboard, Saint Bacchus is depicted as a handsome young man dressed in a pink medieval-style tunic, a crown of grapevines around his head. After offering wine to his companions, he is pushed into a cask; the fourth panel shows the martyred Bacchus imprisoned in an oak wine barrel from which a maiden fills her pitcher. In the row of portraits below the scene, wine is also rendered with a human face: at far left, Burgundy is personified by a crowned, dark-haired prince, while at far right Champagne is represented as a fair-haired maiden. The inside surfaces of the two center doors, are however, painted with heads representing Temperance and Sobriety—a reminder to the cabinet’s owner to moderate his pleasures even as he pursues them.


Currently Off View


Applied Arts of Europe


William Burges (Designer)


Sideboard and Wine Cabinet


London (Object made in)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Pine and mahogany, painted and gilded; iron straps; and metal mounts


126.7 × 151.5 × 57.8 cm (49 7/8 × 59 5/8 × 22 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Purchased with funds provided by the James McClintock Snitzler Fund through the Antiquarian Society, Mrs. DeWitt W. Buchanan, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. Buchbinder, Mr. and Mrs. Stanford D. Marks, Mrs. Eric Oldberg, Harry A. Root, and the Woman's Board in honor of Mrs. Gloria Gottlieb; Harry and Maribel G. Blum Foundation, Richard T. Crane, Ada Turnbull Hertle, Kay and Frederick Krehbiel, Florence L. Notter, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Varley, and European Decorative Arts Purchase endowment funds; through prior purchse with funds provided by Robert Allerton and the Antiquarian Society; through prior gifts of Mr. and Mrs. James W. Alsdorf and Helen Bibas; Mrs. E. Crane Chadbourne, Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Crane, Jr., the R. T. Crane, Jr., Memorial Fund; through prior gifts of H. M. Gillen; the George F. Harding Collection, Mrs. John Hooker, and the Kenilworth Garden Club

Reference Number


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