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Allegory of Peace and War

A work made of oil on canvas.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of oil on canvas.




Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (Italian, 1708–1787)

About this artwork

Pompeo Batoni’s grand portraits and numerous religious and historical commissions established him as the leading Roman painter of his day. He painted Peace and War on his own initiative, without a commission, attracting critical praise for the work’s graceful invention. It combines elements of Rococo softness and eroticism with the newly fashionable Neoclassical style. War, represented by the god Mars, is restrained by a personification of peace, who bears an olive branch.


On View, Gallery 218


Painting and Sculpture of Europe


Pompeo Girolamo Batoni


Allegory of Peace and War


Italy (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Oil on canvas


Signed and dated: POMPEO DE BATONI PINXIT ROMAE 1776


136 × 99 cm (53 1/2 × 39 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of the Old Masters Society

Reference Number


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