Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Jay A. Clarke, Stephanie D’Alessandro, Carola Kupfer, Mark Pascale, Virginia Voedisch, “Portfolio,” The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 28:1 (2002), pp. 98-99, cat. 15.
Stephanie D’Alessandro, “History by Degrees: The Place of the Past in Contemporary German Art,” The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 28:1 (2002), pp. 75-76.
Karin Orchard and Isabel Schulz (editors), Kurt Schwitters: Catalogue raisonné II (Hannover, 2003), p. 452, no. 1946 (ill.).
The Arts Club of Chicago, “Schwitters,” November 25-December 16, 1952, cat. 40.
New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, “Fifth Anniversary Exhibition,” September 28-October 28, 1953.
New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, “Schwitters,” 1959 (ill.).
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, “Dada and Surrealism in Chicago Collections,” December 1984-January 1985.
The Art Institute of Chicago, “The Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Randall Shapiro Collection,” February 23-April 14, 1985, pp. 101 and 112, cat. 143, fig. 105.
The Art Institute of Chicago, “Shatter, Rupture, Break”, February 15 - May 3, 2015
Given by the artist to László Moholy-Nagy (1895-1946), 1934-46 [inscription and Orchard and Schulz, 2003]; by descent to his wife, Sybil Moholy-Nagy, 1946-52. Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, 1952-53. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Shapiro, Chicago, by 1953 [letter in Shapiro archive]; given to the Art Institute, 1996.
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