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Denarius (Coin) Depicting Liberty

A work made of silver.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of silver.


54 BCE, issued by Roman Republic, M. Junius Brutus (moneyer)


Roman, minted in Rome

About this artwork

The purpose of the first portrait coins was to identify the ruler. The front side became a mirror of the sovereign’s self-image. The back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or intentions. The profile portrait was used because it suited the very shallow depth and limited surface of the coin. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, one for the front and another for the back. The coins were then struck, one by one, in a process similar to how modern coins are created today.

Portraits as Publicity
Coins were an efficient form of publicity, particularly when new rulers needed to legitimize their succession or strengthen their reputation. Marcus Brutus issued this coin to commemorate his famous ancestor who drove the Etruscan kings out of Rome. Ten years later Brutus would generate his own publicity by assassinating Julius Caesar.


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Arts of the Ancient Mediterranean and Byzantium


Ancient Roman


Denarius (Coin) Depicting Liberty


Roman Empire


54 BCE




Obverse: [LIBERTAS] Reverse: BRVTVS (in exergue)


Diam. 2 cm; 4.12 g

Credit Line

Gift of William F. Dunham

Reference Number


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Extended information about this artwork

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