Tetradrachm (Coin) Portraying Biga with Mules

A work made of silver.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of silver.

Date:

484/476 BC

Artist:

Greek; minted in Messana, Sicily, Italy

About this artwork

The Olympic Games
The official record of quadrennial games honoring the supreme Greek god Zeus at a sanctuary dedicated to him at Olympia began in 776 BC. With few interruptions, they took place every four years for about 1,100 years. In AD 394, the Christian emperor Theodosius I (r. 379–95) abolished them as pagan rites.
The most prestigious competition remained the footrace, but eventually it was supplanted in popularity by the horse races. Horses were symbols of socioeconomic status, since only the privileged could afford to buy, feed, and train them and transport their teams and trainers to Olympia every four years. In time, many of the victors in the horse races included kings and tyrants.
Anaxilas, tyrant of Messana and Rhegium, minted this coin to celebrate the victory of his two-mule chariot team in either 484 or 480 BC.

On View

Ancient and Byzantine Art, Gallery 151

Artist

Ancient Greek

Title

Tetradrachm (Coin) Portraying Biga with Mules

Origin

Ancient Greece

Date

484 BC–476 BC

Medium

Silver

Dimensions

Diam. 2.6 cm; 16.37 g

Credit Line

Gift of William F. Dunham

Reference Number

1920.718

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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