Wine, Cheese, and Fruit

A work made of oil on canvas.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of oil on canvas.

Date:

1857

Artist:

John F. Francis
American, 1808–1886

About this artwork

Succulent grapes, crumbling cheese, sparkling wine in elegant glasses, and cognac in tumblers are depicted in this opulent dessert picture by John Francis. Originally an itinerant portrait painter, Francis turned to still life in the mid-19th century when the availability of daguerreotype portraits rendered his trade obsolete. The penchant for household embellishment among the Victorian middle class created a lively market for still-life paintings, which were often hung in dining rooms. While spirits are featured prominently in this painting, the glasses that are less than half full and the presence of the water indicate balance and restraint, referring to the mid-century growth of the temperance movement, which promoted the ideals of moderation and self-control.

On View

American Art, Gallery 173

Artist

John F. Francis

Title

Wine, Cheese, and Fruit

Origin

Pennsylvania

Date

1857

Medium

Oil on canvas

Inscriptions

Signed, lower right: "J. F. Francis/ Pt. 1857"

Dimensions

63.5 × 76.2 cm (25 × 30 in.)

Credit Line

Restricted gift of Charles C. Haffner III and Mrs. Herbert Alexander Vance; Wesley M. Dixon Jr., Fund

Reference Number

1994.239

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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